The evidence for the traditional identification of the sitters is unknown.The man's gesture may refer to the ownership of the estate shown in the background. The basket of grapes may be a biblical reference to the woman's fertility ('Thy wife shall be as a fruitful vine...', Psalm 128: 3).
The painting was formerly catalogued as bearing the date 1636. There is no trace of this inscription now, but the costume appears to be of the 1630s. The landscape may be by another hand.