Wouwermans' battle scenes were almost certainly never intended to represent specific engagements. Another version of this picture (St Petersburg, Hermitage) was, however, described as showing a battle between Poles and Swedes. The horsemen advancing from the left have fur-trimmed caps and curved swords, and the figure in the centre wields a battle hammer.

Their opponents have blue flags, which may be intended to be the Swedish colours. The two countries were at war from 1655 to 1660: the Swedes invaded Poland but despite early successes were eventually driven out.

Product Code NG976
artist Attributed to Philips Wouwerman
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Cavalry attacking Infantry Print

Attributed to Philips Wouwerman

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